St. John (John 2:12) states a fact which implies (1) that Capernaum had not been before the home of the mother of our Lord and of His brethren, and (2) that there were ties of some kind drawing them thither for a temporary visit. So here, what we understand the Evangelist to say is, that Jesus, on His return to Galilee, did not, as might have been expected, make Nazareth the place of His stated residence, but "leaving (or passing by) Nazareth,". (1-20) Their proceedings. The reasons for the choice of that city lie, some of them, on the surface. On the western banks were the towns of Tiberias, of Magdala, (the residence of the Magdalen,) Capernaum, and Chorazin. Bible Gateway Recommends. The lake by which it stood, though now deserted and lonely, was then the scene of busy life. Pliny says it was sixteen miles long, and six broad. What gives it a remarkable aspect, is the deep depression of its surface not only far below the lofty summits of its banks, but far below the level of the Mediterranean Sea. is Nazara. Its fisheries furnished a source of sustenance to the surrounding inhabitants, and an industry for its labourers. Matthew Poole's Commentary Ver. Its position on the shore of the lake, as a town with a garrison and a custom-house, made it the natural centre of the fishing-trade of the Lake of Galilee. It is a promise to perseverance, especially to such perseverance as is joined with fortitude. See Luke 4:29 and for an explanation of the next verses, the note on Isaiah 9:1-2 and Mede's works, p. 101, 102. If there were but one (as many think), it occurred at the beginning of the Galilean ministry, since Luke’s account is so particular. Certainly, it is evident from the context, that the prophet looks much farther; and, as he promises a universal restoration of the whole church, it follows that the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and Galilee of the Gentiles, are included in the number of those, to whom the darkness of death would be changed into the light of life. NIV Zondervan Study Bible, hardcover. On both sides of the inlet of the River Jordan, at the northern extremity of the lake, stood the double town of Bethsaida. The Lectionary combines the First Gospel’s account of Matthew’s call with the twin restorations of the woman with the flow of blood and the ruler’s daughter. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << Micah 3 | Micah 4 | Micah 5 >> (Read all of Micah 4) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << 1 Corinthians 12 | 1 Corinthians 13 | 1 Corinthians 14 >> (Read all of 1 Corinthians 13) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. The evangelist describes the position not to satisfy the curiosity of geographers, but to pave the way for another prophetic reference. According to the historian, Josephus, it did not belong to Herod, the tetrarch, who sent the baptist to confinement, but to Philip, the tetrarch, his brother. (2.) Came and dwelt at Capernaum — As Bethlehem was the place of Jesus’s birth, and Nazareth of his childhood, so Capernaum was the home of his ministry, and Jerusalem the place of his death. Four or five of the Twelve lived there; it had a considerable and mixed population, securing some freedom from that intense bigotry which even to this day characterizes all places where Jews in large numbers dwell nearly alone; it was centrical, so that not only on the approach of the annual festivals did large numbers pass through it or near it, but on any occasion multitudes could easily be collected about it; and for crossing and recrossing the lake, which our Lord had so often occasion do, no place could be more convenient. Matthew Poole's Commentary. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. Capernaum was an important place, the residence of Andrew, Peter, and the sons of Zebedee, probably of Matthew also, chiefly honored by the title, ‘His own city’ (Matthew 9:1). (See Hist. Threats abound, but God carefully orchestrates Jesus’ earliest days according to Matthew. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. As the word Kefr signifies a village, and the word Tell signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Matthew 4:23 to 13:58. www.easyenglish.bible. In the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim - the one lying to the west of the sea of Galilee, the other to the north of it; but the precise boundaries cannot now be traced out. Its surface was alive with the ships, or rather lake-boats, of fisher-men and navigators. On this beach, which can be discerned running like a white line all round the lake, the hills plant their dark base, descending nowhere precipitously, but almost everywhere presenting an alternation of soft grassy slopes and rocky cliffs, occasionally broken away so as to exhibit the red and gray colours so familiar in the limestone of Greece.”. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. It was “Christ’s own city” because he made it his home. Matthew: Jesus is *Christ the King. God will stretch out his hand to his people, and, therefore, death will be more tolerable than the previous diseases were. Greek. parathalassios. Thence, for reasons we proceed to explain, he went and took his residence at Capernaum. Our Lord seems to have chosen it for several reasons. Matthew 5:13-17 New International Version (NIV) Salt and Light. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, In the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim -. The town of Khorazy, about two miles north of Tell-Hum, seems to represent the ancient Chorazin. Jewish authorities identify Kaphir Nakhum with Kaphir Temkhum, since corrupted into the modern Tell Hum. Long before the settlement of the tribes in the land of Canaan, the dying Jacob prophesied of Zebulun, (Genesis 49:13:) “Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be an haven of the ships; and his borders shall be unto Zidon.”. That Matthew's order is the right one will appear, we think, quite clearly in the sequel. And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt (332). Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 4 and more! By the ancient division of the tribes, Zebulun bordered on this Sea of Gennesaret. The Temptation of Jesus. For events at Capernaum, see Matthew 8, Matthew 9, Matthew 17, Matthew 18. CHAPTER 4. Matthew 13:54-58. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Thus the double advantages of intercourse by sea and land were secured by our Lord’s position at Capernaum.”. In the countries round this lake, our Lord spent a great part of the two former years of his public life; and though he afterward enlarged the compass of his journeys, yet they always enjoyed a considerable share of his blessed company and divine instructions.” — Macknight. Its surface was dotted by countless villages, visited by our Lord at various times, mentioned or unmentioned by the evangelists. “Nevertheless, the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. ); a second visit being that detailed by our Evangelist (Matthew 13:54-58), and by Mark (Matthew 6:1-6). 2 b He fasted for forty days and forty nights, * and afterwards he was hungry. And leaving Nazareth, His early home. But to us there seem all but insuperable difficulties in the supposition of two visits to Nazareth after His baptism; and on the grounds stated on Luke 4:16, etc., we think that the one only visit to Nazareth is that recorded by Matthew (Matthew 13:1-58), Mark (Mark 6:1-56), and Luke (Luke 4:1-44.) This lake and its surrounding localities must ever remain one of the most interesting spots on the map of the globe. From now on when mention is made of "his own city" it will mean this place, while the term "his own country" will still mean the vicinity of Nazareth. (1-13) Cautions against bad company, Exhortation to faith and holiness. The adjoining countries of Naphtali and Zebulun, diversified with mountain and vale, were covered with verdure, and cultivated by a swarming population. 13. And he said to them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. Other People's Commentary (NT) entries containing Matthew 4:13: Mark 1:14 Matthew 4:12 : Matthew 4:14 >> DISCLAIMER: Church of the Great God (CGG) provides these resources to aid the individual in studying the Bible. These localities are unparalleled in interest to the heart of the Christian traveller, and no waters in the world are surveyed with such emotions as the Lake of Gennesaret, and the stream of the Jordan. It is very absurd in the Jews to confine it to the deliverance of the city of Jerusalem. “Situated,” says Stanley, “in the midst of the Jordan valley, on the great thoroughfare from Babylon and Damascus, in Palestine, its waters seemed to answer a purpose like that served by the Lake of Lucerne, between Italy and Germany. Matthew 4:13. . Its surface was dotted by countless villages, visited by our Lord at various times, mentioned or unmentioned by the evangelists. (1-8) The judgments to come upon Jerusalem, but the final triumph of Israel. It was on the border between the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali. Ian Mackervoy. The word Hum is doubtless the closing syllable of thee word Caperna, signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. Tel Hûm and Khan Minyeh compete for the honour of the site. Capernaum; a town on the north-west shore of the sea of Galilee. (4.) 14 “You are the light of the world. Shrubs, too, of the tropical thorn, fringe the greater part of the line of shore, mingled here and there with the bright pink colours of the oleander, long before they are in flower in the valleys of the higher country. There is much difference of opinion as to its true position. Came and dwelt, or having come he settled. Matthew 4:14. The Gospel reading this day after Christmas strikes a new tone for the season by dramatically leading us away from anticipation of Advent and revelry of the holidays to the tenuous and dark days between promises and their fruition. In the dim antiquity of the most ancient records, its name appears to have been Cinneroth, of which Gennesaret is the modernized Greek form, and which appears to have been derived from a town of Cinneroth, on its western shore. It was afterward called the Sea of Galilee, and finally, in honour of the Emperor Tiberius, it was called the Lake of Tiberias, and a town was called Tiberias on its western coast. Matthew 4:12-17. Matthew 13:15 - For the heart of this people has become dull , With their ears they scarcely hear , And they have closed their eyes , Otherwise they would see with their eyes , Hear with their ears , And understand with their heart and return , And I would heal them .' Study This × Bible Gateway Plus. The prevalent opinion is, that this refers to a first visit to Nazareth after His baptism, whose details are given by Luke (Luke 4:16, etc. (13) Leaving Nazareth.—The form of the name in the older MSS. - Matthew 4:19. As the traveller descends from the rocky walls by which it is encompassed, the temperature of its deep basin grows warm. This migration to Capernaum is not formally noted in the other Gospels, but Capernaum appears in all the synoptists as the main centre of Christ’s Galilean ministry.— , etc. Words in boxes are from the Bible. The exact site of Capernaum has long been one of the vexed questions of the topography of Palestine, but the researches of the Palestine Exploration Society have identified it with the modern village of Tell-Hûm, where their excavations have disinterred the remains of an ancient building of the Roman period, which is supposed to have been the synagogue of the city; possibly, therefore, the very synagogue, built by the believing centurion (Luke 7:5), in which our Lord worshipped and taught (John 6:59). In Romans 11:11, Paul asserts that "salvation has come to the Gentiles. The peace of the kingdom of Christ. It was called the place of refreshment, from the springs near which it stood. So also Luke 4:4. There would be no difficulty in this history, were it not that there is some appearance, as if Matthew had put a wrong meaning on the quotation from the prophet. To declare that our privileges by Christ under the gospel exceed the privileges of the Jewish church under Moses, as a reason why we should make a … and leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali: AMP. Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 4:13 and more! It was abandoned long ago. Jesus teaches in Galilee. The text in Isaiah 9:1 ,2 , where the words are, Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The promise ought to be extended, I have no doubt, to the whole body of the people, which might seem to be, to all appearance, lost and destroyed. The word Hum is doubtless the closing syllable of thee word Capernaum. Isaiah, after having described a very heavy calamity of the nation, soothes their grief by a promise that, when the nation shall be reduced to extremity, a deliverance will immediately follow, which shall dispel the darkness, and restore the light of life. on StudyLight.org The exact site of Capernaum, so often mentioned in the New Testament, is disputed; the words of our Lord (Matthew 11:23) have thus been fulfilled. Our Price: $12.99 Save: $22.00 (63%) Buy Now. Probably it was one of those towns which the Jews built after their return from Babylon. 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