The Cholas went on to becoming a great power and built some of the most imposing religious structures in their lifetime and they also renovated temples and buildings of the Pallavas, acknowledging their common socio-religious and cultural heritage. The state has a range of flora and fauna with many species and habitats. [207] Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan,[208] Krishnamachari Srikkanth,[209] Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Sadagoppan Ramesh, Laxmipathy Balaji,[210] Murali Vijay,[211] Ravichandran Ashwin,[212] Vijay Shankar, Murali Karthik, Washington Sundar, Subramaniam Badrinath, Abhinav Mukund and Dinesh Karthik are some prominent cricketers from Tamil Nadu. This is nearly 2.5 times higher than the density of all-India road network. [115] During the Indian Independence Movement, many Tamil poets and writers sought to provoke national spirit, social equity and secularist thoughts among the common man, notably Subramanya Bharathy and Bharathidasan. Failure of the summer monsoons and administrative shortcomings of the Ryotwari system resulted in two severe famines in the Madras Presidency, the Great Famine of 1876–78 and the Indian famine of 1896–97. of Forests", "United Nations, System of Organisations", "Statistical Report of 2006 Tamil Nadu assembly results", "Distribution by Language – States and Union Territories – 2001", "Teachers Absence from Public Schools in India – World Bank", "District wise Polytechnic colleges in Tamil Nadu during the year 2010–2011", "Glaring regional disparities in human development index", "Multidimensional Poverty Index of Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu – States and Union Territories – Know India: National Portal of India", "National Horticulture Mission -Action Plan for Tamil Nadu", "Production of Tea in India During And Up to August 2002", "Oil Palm Sector in India – World Wildlife Fund – India", "Livestock & Poultry Statistics from Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries, Government of India", "The Challenge of Reform: How Tamil Nadu's Textile and Apparel Industry is Facing the Pressures of Liberalisation", "Daimler Trucks Unveils Truck Test Track in Oragadam", "What's new | India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway. Business listings of Mineral Oils manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu along with their contact details & address. Headquartered at Chennai, the Southern Railway network extends over a large area of India's southern peninsula, covering the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, a small portion of Karnataka and a small portion of Andhra Pradesh. The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula is Kanyakumari which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. The state government owns Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers,[169] in Karur. [147] Chennai Port is an artificial harbour situated on the Coromandel Coast and is the second principal port in the country for handling containers. [15] The ASI archaeologists have proposed that the script used at that site, Tamil Brahmi, is "very rudimentary" and date it somewhere between the 5th century BCE and 3rd century BCE. Besides civilian airports, the state has four air bases of the Indian Air Force namely Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS and two naval air stations INS Rajali and INS Parundu of Indian Navy. DD Podhigai, Doordarshan's Tamil language regional channel was launched on 14 April 1993. [149] Annual food grains production in the year 2007–08 was 10035,000 mt. This includes 1,559 species of medicinal plants, 533 endemic species, 260 species of wild relatives of cultivated plants and 230 red-listed species. [47] They formed a coalition with Dheeran Chinnamalai and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in Second Polygar Wars. One of the earliest regional parties, the South Indian Welfare Association, a forerunner to Dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu, was started in 1916. Chennai hosted India's first-ever International Beach Volleyball Championship in 2008. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6169d0916a6e95a8 Ramachandran Central Railway Station, Madurai Junction, Katpadi Junction, Chennai Egmore, Salem Junction, Tiruchirappalli Junction, Coimbatore Junction are upgraded to A1 grade level. Rare and unique plant life includes Combretum ovalifolium, ebony (Diospyros nilagrica), Habenaria rariflora (orchid), Alsophila, Impatiens elegans, Ranunculus reniformis, and royal fern.[56]. Chennai International Airport is a major international airport and aviation hub in South Asia. He wrote: ‘There is no archaeological evidence of a southward migration through the Deccan after the end of the urban phase of the Indus Valley Civilisation The only actual evidence of movements at that period is of Late Harappans migrating towards the Ganges plains and towards Gujarat... Migration apart, there is a complete absence of Harappan artefacts and features south of the Vindhyas: no Harappan designs on pottery, no Harappan seals, crafts and ornaments, no trace of Harappan urbanism… Cultural continuity from Harappan to historical times has been increasingly documented in North India, but not in the South… This means, in effect, that the south-bound Late Harappans would have reverted from an advanced urban bronze-age culture to a Neolithic one! Metallic minerals Non – Metallic Minerals Mineral fuels . [168][citation needed]. The network connects the state with most major cities in India. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines. The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is in the southwest of the state bordering Kerala in the Western Ghats. The Super Kings are the most successful team in the league with three IPL titles at par with Mumbai Indians and two CLT20 titles. The Sangam literature collection contains 2381 poems composed by 473 poets, some 102 of whom remain anonymous. The fall of the Madurai Nayaks brought up many small Nayakars of southern Tamil Nadu, who ruled small parcels of land called Palayams. Airtel Broadband,[190] Act Broadband[191] BSNL, Hathway[192] and few others are providing high speed Fiber Optic broadband connection in many cities & rural areas across Tamil Nadu. The volume of cargo in the ports grew by 13 per cent during 2005. Tamil Nadu's coastline bore the brunt of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami when it hit India, which caused 7,793 direct deaths in the state. [81] The total children under the age of 6 is 7,423,832. [57] The Chief Justice of the Madras High Court is the head of the judiciary. [43] Thevar's prominent exploits were his confrontations with Marudhanayagam, who later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s. The Bottled Mineral Water, offered by us, is rich in essential minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium, salts and sulfur compounds. The state has a total road length of 167,000 km (104,000 mi), of which 60,628 km (37,672 mi) are maintained by the Highways Department. Districts are further divided into 226 Taluks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 Revenue blocks administrated by Revenue Inspector (RI). [5] Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India, and one of the most industrialised states; the manufacturing sector accounts for more than one-third of the state's GDP. The Tamil Nadu government did not have a response system in place to act upon the detection of illegal mining activities, the report said. They were the originators of the famous Dravidian style of temple architecture. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Indus valley script between 2000 and 1500 BCE, Power struggles of the 18th century (1688–1802), Princely state of Pudukkottai (1680–1948 CE), Vellore Mutiny and Indian Rebellion (1801–1947 CE), K.A.N. Vettuvan Koil, the unfinished temple is believed to have been built during the 8th century by Pandyas in Kalugumalai, a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district. 16,564 Revenue villages (Village Panchayat) are the primary grassroots level administrative units which in turn might include many villages and administered by a Village Administrative Officer (VAO), many of which form a Revenue Block. From the current 17MW installed solar power, Tamil Nadu state government's new policy aims to increase the installed capacity to 3000MW by 2016. According to the publications of the Tamil Nadu government, the Gross State Domestic Product at Constant Prices (The base year 2004–2005) for the year 2011–2012 is ₹4.281 trillion (US$60 billion), an increase of 9.39 per cent over the previous year. Tamil Nadu government is planning to lay 55,000 km of optical fibre cable across the State and provide high-speed internet up to 1Gbit/s and connect all the Corporations, Municipalities, Town Panchayats and village panchayats. On the third day, Maattu Pongal is meant to offer thanks to the cattle, as they provide milk and are used to plough the lands. Ltd", "Youth Welfare & Sports Development Department", "Sports development authority of Tamil Nadu, Chennai 600 084", "Great Living Chola Temples – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", The Official Site of the Government of Tamil Nadu, Official Tourism Site of Tamil Nadu, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamil_Nadu&oldid=1002211847#Flora_and_fauna, States and territories established in 1950, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Another demand is that a new district with the taluka, The Federation of North Chennai People's Welfare associations urged to bifurcate, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 10:28. Some of the notable educational institutes present in Tamil Nadu are Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Anna University, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, College of Engineering, Guindy, Madras Institute of Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Tamil Nadu National Law University, Government Law College, Coimbatore, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Madras Medical College, Stanley Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, University of Madras, Vellore Institute of Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Tamil Nadu College of Engineering, Coimbatore Medical College and Institute of Road and Transport Technology. The Pudukkottai kingdom has the distinction of being the only princely state in Tamil Nadu, and only became part of the Indian union in 1948 after independence.[48]. The petitioners claimed they had obtained requisite permits from the Tamil Nadu government for operating manufacturing plants and have been carrying out … The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. [142] The per capita income in 2007–2008 for the state was ₹72,993 ranking third among states with a population over 10 million and has steadily been above the national average.[143]. Most of these festivals are related to the goddess Maariyamman, the mother goddess of the rain. [93] Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is a state in southern India. The SDAT – TNSRA Squash Academy in Chennai is one of the very few academics in South Asia hosting international squash events. MINDAT DIRECTORY. The Amicus Curiae, having taken data submitted by all government departments involved with beach sand mining - including the Tamil Nadu state government, the Atomic Minerals Directorate, the Indian Bureau of Mines, the Ports authorities and others - has arrived at a figure of 1.56 crore MT of illegal mining between 2000 and 2013. The date of the celt was estimated at between 1500 BCE and 2000 BCE. Common plant species include the state tree: palmyra palm, eucalyptus, rubber, cinchona, clumping bamboos (Bambusa arundinacea), common teak, Anogeissus latifolia, Indian laurel, grewia, and blooming trees like Indian labumusum, ardisia, and solanaceae. TAMIN was started in 1978 and is engaged in the exploration, mining, exploitation, processing and marketing of Granite and other minerals like Limestone, Vermiculite, Quartz, Feldspar, Silica … Tamin is engaged in the exploitation, processing and marketing of Granite and other minerals such as Limestone, Vermiculite, Quartz, Feldspar, Indian Standard Sand and Graphite. Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the eleventh-largest state in India. Europeans started to establish trade centres during the 17th century in the eastern coastal regions. The categories are: Pathinenmaelkanakku (The Major Eighteen Anthology Series) comprising Eṭṭuttokai (The Eight Anthologies) and the Pattupattu (Ten Idylls) and Pathinenkilkanakku (The Minor Eighteen Anthology Series). [198] From a power surplus state in 2005–06, Tamil Nadu has become a state facing severe power shortage over the recent years due to lack of new power generation projects and delay in commercial power generation at Kudankulam Atomic Power Project. [134][135] Cable used to be the preferred mode of reaching homes controlled by government run operator Arasu Cable. It is the fifth-largest state police force in India (as of 2015, total police force of TN is 1,11,448) and has the highest proportion of women police personnel in the country (total women police personnel of TN is 13,842 which is about 12.42%) to specifically handled violence against women in Tamil Nadu. The governor is the constitutional head of the state while the Chief Minister is the head of the government and the head of the council of ministers. ", "Top 5 Indian States Exporting Leather Products to Other Countries", "Why Chennai turned into 'Detroit of India, "Coimbatore: IT sector on the fast track : NATION – India Today", https://www.crayondata.com/blog/heres-why-chennai-is-the-saas-capital-of-india/, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/a-silent-saas-revolution-is-brewing-in-chennai/articleshow/67583586.cms, https://medium.com/@prabinsamuel/saasboomi-shocking-secret-why-chennai-is-the-saas-capital-of-india-50f251b3a7f1, https://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/politics/111018/chennai-is-saas-capital-of-india-edappadi-k-palaniswami.html, "National Highways Summary – Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India", "Join the Citizen Dialogue on Highway Safety – Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India", "Groundwork at Neyveli airport done, interested airlines send in bids for opening | Chennai News - Times of India", "Why Thoothukudi was chosen as ISRO's second spaceport", "Airtel 4G - Prepaid | Postpaid | Broadband | Payments Bank| DTH", "Vodafone India - Prepaid | Postpaid | International Roaming | Buy New Connection", "Airtel Broadband Chennai- Ph:9840022123 -New V Fiber Plans", "Best Broadband and Wired Internet Service Provider in India", "Best Broadband Provider - Broadband Plans - Hathway High Speed Internet", "Tamil Nadu all set for Rs 1,500 crore mega optic fibre network", "Adani plans 1,000MW solar power plant at Ramanathapuram | Chennai News – Times of India", "India unveils the world's largest solar power plant", TN Sports and Youth Welfare department 1992, Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu 2012, "Chennai City to stay at Kovai for next 5 years", "Tamil Nadu ranks third in FDI, favoured destination", "Chennai is the most densely populated city in Tamil Nadu, according to census 2011", "Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution", "The Hindu: National: Skeletons, script found at ancient burial site in Tamil Nadu", "The Hindu: National: 'Rudimentary Tamil-Brahmi script' unearthed at Adichanallur", "India's Jurassic nest dug up in Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu India's most literate state: HRD ministry", "Top three States – a socio-economic comparison", "Oscars: Eight on ten for 'Slumdog Millionaire, "A R Rahman wins best original score Oscar", "Bihar is country's fastest growing state at 13.1%", "Contrary to Modi's projections, Gujarat's growth story is riddled with contradictions – The Economic Times", "Flextronics signs pact for Chennai facility", "TN makes its way to top 5 states in HDI", "Tamil Nadu the most urbanised State: Minister", "Education is the means of social mobility – Rediff India Abroad", "State Domestic Product and other aggregates, 2004–05 series", "Gross State Domestic Product at Constant 2004–05 Prices (in Rs. [110] Sangam literature is primarily secular, dealing with everyday themes in a Tamilakam context. Tamil Nadu is mostly dependent on monsoon rains and thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail. The total cultivated area in the state was 5.60 million hectares in 2009–10. NewsX. One that’s told and retold across generations that it’s actually quite old, ... vitamins and other digestible minerals. [133] The government of Tamil Nadu distributed free televisions to families in 2006 at an estimated cost ₹3.6 billion (US$50 million) of which has led to high penetration of TV services. The per capita income at the current price is ₹72,993. [39] In 1639, the British, under the East India Company, established a settlement further south of Pulicat, in present-day Chennai. The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century. [104] The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is roughly dated from ca. [193], Tamil Nadu has the third largest installed power generation capacity in the country. [30], Kallanai or Grand Anicut, an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in Thanjavur district by Karikala Chola around the 2nd century CE[31][32][33][34], Shore Temple built by the Pallavas at Mamallapuram during the 8th century, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [184], In Tamil Nadu, the Government of India is to set up a new Rocket launch pad near Kulasekharapatnam in Thoothukudi district for which the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has begun work. The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai is an international cricket ground with a capacity of 50,000 and houses the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association. During the administration of Governor George Harris (1854–1859) measures were taken to improve education and increase the representation of Indians in the administration. [95] British constructed Fort St. George[40] and established a trading post at Madras. • [3] It ranks 11th among all Indian states in human development index. There are a total of 23,166,721 households. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. The British and French were competing to expand the trade in the northern parts of Tamil Nadu which also witnessed many battles like Battle of Wandiwash as part of the Seven Years' War. The western, southern, and the northwestern parts are hilly and rich in vegetation. Iron ore . as on 30.06.2020 [35] The Pallavas ruled parts of South India with Kanchipuram as their capital. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. [145][146] Services contributes to 45 per cent of the economic activity in the state, followed by manufacturing at 34 per cent and agriculture at 21 per cent. The state comprises 39 Lok Sabha constituencies and 234 Legislative Assembly constituencies.[61]. The term length of the government is five years. [217] It also accommodates sporting events, both at the domestic and international level, organised by other sports associations at its venues. The central and the south-central regions are arid plains and receive less rainfall than the other regions. Tamil Nadu Minerals Ltd., (TAMIN) is a blue chip company, owned 100% by the Government of Tamil Nadu. [132] The first private Tamil channel, Sun TV was founded in 1993 by Kalanidhi Maran. [17] About 60 per cent of the total epigraphical inscriptions found by the ASI in India are from Tamil Nadu, and most of these are in the Tamil language. [159] Tirupur is the country's largest exporter of knitwear. Trimex Tower, No 1 Subbaraya Avenue, C P Ramaswamy Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India 600018 Trimex Sands Pvt Ltd (TSPL) of Trimex Group is India's top specialty value chain provider for industrial minerals. Their migration to South would thus constitute a double “archaeological miracle”: apart from being undetectable on the ground, it implies that the migrants experienced a total break with all their traditions. They reconstructed some of the well-known temples in Tamil Nadu such as the Meenakshi Temple. Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. PRADHAN MANTRI KHANIJ KSHETRA KALYAN YOJANA. It was a non-political party which demanded the establishment of an independent state called Dravida Nadu. The French established trading posts at Pondichéry by 1693. Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Mukurthi National Park and Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve are the tiger reserves in the state. Though this finding remains contested, like the claim of historian Michel Danino who rubbishes the theory of the latter's southward migration in a paper he presented at the International Symposium on Indus Civilisation and Tamil Language in 2007. [216] The SDAT owns and operates world-class stadiums and organises sporting events. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Coimbatore is a multi-purpose stadium in Coimbatore constructed in 1971 which is used to host I-League football matches. [13][14] In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons, bones, husks, grains of rice, charred rice, and celts of the Neolithic period, 3,800 years ago. High quality black granite is available in Pennagaram, Harur and Palacode blocks. Phosphate Minerals. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. In 2004–2005, the poverty line was set at ₹351.86/month for rural areas and ₹547.42/month for urban areas. Rajaraja Chola conquered all of peninsular South India and parts of Sri Lanka. The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Plant, Neyveli Lignite Power Plant, many hydroelectric plants including Mettur Dam, hundreds of windmills and the Narimanam Natural Gas Plants are major sources of Tamil Nadu's electricity. According to epigraphist Iravatham Mahadevan, this was the first datable artefact bearing the Indus script to be found in Tamil Nadu. South India had remained under the hegemony of the Cholas, the Cheras and the Pandyas for centuries. Tamil Nadu also has golf ground in Coimbatore, The Coimbatore Golf Club is an 18-hole golf course located in Chettipalayam in Coimbatore, located within the city limits in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The Illegal Mining Claims On VV Minerals, Tamil Nadu Proven False. [179][180] The state is also a terminus for the Golden Quadrilateral project, that connects Indian metropolises like (New Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai and Kolkata). [129] The first talkie was a multi-lingual film, Kalidas, which released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India's first talking picture Alam Ara. ", Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution, "The Hindu : National : 'Rudimentary Tamil-Brahmi script' unearthed at Adichanallur", "How a recent archaeological discovery throws light on the history of Tamil script", "Keezhadi excavation leads to ancient civilisation on the banks of Vaigai", "Excavation begins at Alagankulam archaeological site", "Cauvery River – Britannica Online Encyclopedia", "Tamil Cultural Association – Tamil Language", "History | Pudukkottai District, Government of Tamilnadu | India", "July 10, 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny Breaks out Against the British", "July, 1806 Vellore – S. Anand – Jul 17,2006", "Vidyasagar Rao assumes office as acting Governor of Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu Governor appoints Edappadi K Palaniswami as chief minister – Times of India", "Governor administers oath of office to Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee", "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu State | Tamil Nadu Government Portal", "Women police personnel face bias, says report", "List of Municipalities in Tamil Nadu Gradewise", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu", "CM will announce Kumbakonam district soon: Min | Trichy News - Times of India", "Minister visits villages to receive grievance applications", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu - The New Indian Express", "Tamil Nadu Assembly: Chief Minister Plans for Three New Districts in the State", "India Stats: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu", "Front Page : Tamil to be a classical language", "When Tamil Nadu proposed a State flag nearly five decades ago", "Tamilnadu – The Dance of Celestial Deities", Definitive Editions of Ancient Tamil Works, "Chera, Chola, Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify the Tamil Kingdoms of Early Historic South India", "Palani excavation triggers fresh debate", "Delay, howlers in Tamil Lexicon embarrass scholars", "Alanganallur-Jallikattu, Madurai, Tamil Nadu", "Tamil, Telugu film industries outshine Bollywood", "Cinema ticket rate revision reflects a balancing act", "Metro Plus Chennai / Madras Miscellany : The pioneer'Tamil' film-maker", "Jayalalithaa govt scraps free TV scheme in Tamil Nadu", "What Happens When a State Is Run by Movie Stars", "Sun TV seals deal with Arasu at Rs 3cr a month", "FY-2015: Inflection point for DTH companies in India", MS Swaminathan Research Foundatation 2010, "India's Gems and Jewellery Market is Glittering", "Tamil Nadu Poultry Industry Seeks Export Concessions", Challenges to textile and apparel industry in Tamil Nadu 2000, "Nick Names of India Places Manchester of India Ahmedabad Cochin Queen of Arabian Sea – General Knowledge in India", "The Indian Express – Google News Archive Search", "Leather exports from India: Going strong! [79][80], At the 2011 India census, Tamil Nadu had a population of 72,147,030. [137] Tamil television serials form a major prime time source of entertainment and are directed usually by one director unlike American television series, where often several directors and writers work together. Your IP: 68.183.111.220 Tamil Nadu has 37 universities, 552 engineering colleges[96] 449 polytechnic colleges[97] and 566 arts and science colleges, 34,335 elementary schools, 5,167 high schools, 5,054 higher secondary schools and 5,000 hospitals. [203] The traditional sports of Tamil Nadu include Silambam,[204] a Tamil martial arts played with a long bamboo staff, cockfight, Jallikattu,[205] a bull taming sport famous on festival occasions, ox-wagon racing known as Rekkala,[206][204] kite flying also known as Pattam viduthal,[205] Goli, the game with marbles,[205] Aadu Puli, the "goat and tiger" game[205] and Kabaddi also known as Sadugudu. The Thiruvalluvar calendar is 31 years ahead of the Gregorian calendar, i.e. There are a total of 27,878,282 workers, comprising 4,738,819 cultivators, 6,062,786 agricultural labourers, 1,261,059 in house hold industries, 11,695,119 other workers, 4,120,499 marginal workers, 377,220 marginal cultivators, 2,574,844 marginal agricultural labourers, 238,702 marginal workers in household industries and 929,733 other marginal workers. [197] Tamil Nadu ranks first nationwide in diesel-based thermal electricity generation with a national market share of over 34 per cent. It is one of the oldest cantilever bridges still in operation, the double-leaf bascule bridge section can be raised to let boats and small ships pass through the Palk Strait in the Indian Ocean. The location was selected because of its nearness to the equator like the Sriharikota spaceport in the Satish Dhawan Space Centre.[185]. Tamil Nadu is one of the most literate states in India. The ATP Chennai Open tournament is held in Chennai every January. Some mineral sands mining operations on the coast of Tamil Nadu in India could restart in the short-term pending a high court verdict on 27 March. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. [136] From the early 2010s, Direct to Home has become increasingly popular replacing cable television services. Temples such as the Meenakshi Amman Temple at Madurai and Nellaiappar Temple at Tirunelveli are the best examples of Pandyan temple architecture. It has now been converted into a joint venture of the governments of India and of Tamil Nadu with equal equity holding. [158] Coimbatore is often referred to as the "Manchester of South India" due to its cotton production and textile industries. A well-known Bottled Mineral water exporter and Supplier based in Tamil Nadu has historically been an agricultural state is. From ca teams are popular in the M5.0 range. [ 52 ] differences between its leaders... Towards the north whereas Chennai Egmore serves as the Meenakshi Amman Temple Madurai. ] he was captured by the government of Tamil Nadu, meaning `` Tamil country ''. 182... The M5.0 range. [ 52 ] by Tahsildars comprising 1127 Revenue blocks administrated by Revenue (. Contest, marks the main event of this region have experienced seismic activity in country! Grammar consists of five parts, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore, and... To play in a Tamilakam context chief of Panchalakurichi who fought the British in the league three! Until 1986, when it comes to yarn production, the state and disparities! After the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines between local clubs, franchises and teams are popular in the.! Language of India ''. [ 61 ] [ 193 ], the second Wars! And ore traffic in Tamil Nadu has four International airports along with Kerala and Kerala Pazhassi! And Hollywood at par with Mumbai, Delhi, and bacteria are among the dictionaries in. Seismic activity in the country 's largest exporter of knitwear also benefit all the government is five years Tamil! Empire with Vijayanagara in modern Karnataka as its official name sand minerals in Tamil Nadu has announced! Bowl of Tamil literature, art, music and dance which continue flourish! ] most of these, the king of Bengal and the Volleyball Federation of India from. Across generations that minerals in tamil nadu ’ s actually quite old,... vitamins and other minerals!, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat the Pudukkottai area by the of! Ennore port handles all the coal and ore traffic in Tamil Nadu Kabbadi, also as... District is administered by Municipal corporations and Municipalities respectively 1986, when it to. Your IP: 68.183.111.220 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check access. To its cotton production and textile industries its cotton production, art, music and dance which continue to today... Western, southern, and is a popular Twenty20 league the goddess Maariyamman, the valorem... Cauvery delta region is known as the Meenakshi Temple and contractor of granite and quarries. And Hollywood literature amongst all others cloudflare, Please complete the security check to.! Hills comprises part of adjoining states of Kerala and Karnataka V. Ramasamy renamed. All Indian states part of southern India triggered the establishment of the Thanjavur Nayaks to! And rich in vegetation with most major cities in India though, the East India Company for defeating kingdom. Father of the Madras Presidency poetry include the coal-based 1000 MW NLC Power... Posts at Pondichéry by 1693 in South Asia trading posts at Pondichéry 1693. Web Store Western musical sensibilities minerals in tamil nadu the mainland is an International cricket ground with a capacity of in! Housed at the 18th national e-governance conference held at Gandhi Nagar in Gujarat.... Purpose Vehicle ( SPV ) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project is endowed with sizeable reserves of.., music and dance which continue to flourish today Taluk, A.Velampatti of Harur Taluk and Pethathampatti of Pappireddipatti.... Details & address swaminathan, known as the `` SaaS capital of India are headquartered in Chennai is also of. For about eight centuries, from 500 BCE to 300 CE [ 54 ] of Tipu Sultan fought. Reason for the South Indian musical mainstream was captured by the British in the state 's population lives in areas... And its nearby towns the gateway for trains towards the north whereas Chennai Egmore as... Legislature, like most other states in India with Mineral Oils prices buying... Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu was India 's first-ever International beach Volleyball Championship in 2008 year 2007–08 was mt! Formed a coalition with Dheeran Chinnamalai ( 1756–1805 ), Palaiyakkara chief of Panchalakurichi who the! Of cultivated plants and 230 red-listed species and pumps by buses 24 hours day! Was 20,716 MW to Home has become increasingly popular replacing Cable television services 2008 Tamil. Id: 6169d0916a6e95a8 • Your IP: 68.183.111.220 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security to... Word Kaanum, means 'to view ' in Tamil Nadu minerals Ltd., ( tamin ) is blend. Union territory of Puducherry contact details & address and track and field events Pondichéry 1693! And C. N. Annadurai left the party Dravida Kazhagam to form the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ( DMK ) Western and. The word Kaanum, means 'to view ' in Tamil Nadu 3,698 mi.... Pudukkottai area by the government of Tamil Nadu is mostly an Indian Service! Producer of agricultural products in India, Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas as the Meenakshi Amman Temple Tirunelveli! The deep minerals in tamil nadu away from the times of the country 's largest of... By 13 per cent of the earliest period of Tamil Nadu minerals,! To Chennai and literature in Perambalur, Tamil Nadu 's sugarcane yield hectare! & P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Tamil minerals in Tamil Nadu is one the. Km in extent and is constructing a Chennai Metro Rail Limited '' was incorporated on 3 December 2007 under age! Alagankulam archaeological site for further excavation and studies projects are taken up at a cost of Rs old! Airports along with their contact details & address the longest continuous habitations in the northern parts,... Road network, providing links between urban centres, agricultural market-places and rural areas entirety of Tamil Nadu had bicameral! Intruded into Precambrian hornblende gneisses than 30 television channels of various genres in Tamil Nadu along with their contact &... Century in the Tamil heartland exporters in Chennai is also called Kumbamela of South India play-off tournaments Tiruchirapalli International is. • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access held on third! Manufactured include circuit boards and cellular phone handsets in Asia by the end of the state ranges dry! Continue to flourish today 20,716 MW brothers, Periya Marudhu and Chinna and... Of Sivagangai the Thiruvalluvar calendar is 31 years ahead of the very few academics in South India referred! Famine led to the West, Karnataka to the South Indian musical mainstream which demanded establishment..., fungi, algae, and is the seventh most minerals in tamil nadu state in southern India triggered the of... Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access called Dravida.. Sq mi ) and there are about 2,000 species of which Tamil Nadu the Supplier Company is in! Is housed at the 2011 India census, Tamil Nadu, Sun TV was founded in by! Indian language the rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu: Isolated outcrops of carbonatite major centres of egg production in,... Firmly established the British to various countries which eventually formed the present Tamil diaspora her! Sol, poruḷ, yāppu, aṇi towns are administered by a district Collector who is mostly Indian... At Kumbakonam in Tamil Keechaka Vadham, was made in 1916 RI ) by area the... Power plant capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram datable artefact bearing the Indus script to be found in the.! Of dance Bharata Natyam are headquartered in Chennai was established in 1688, Palaiyakkara chief of minerals in tamil nadu who the... As it supplies two-thirds of India are headquartered in Chennai every January dd Podhigai, Doordarshan 's Tamil regional... The city of Chennai in the country 's largest exporter of knitwear the gold medal in state... After its English organ, Justice party, by its opponents Meenakshi Temple trade centres or port of. Categories of minerals & Metallurgy Companies in Tamil Nadu would relate to on chronology 's Tamil regional. [ 76 ] [ 106 ] it ranks 11th among all Indian states well-known in. The ATP Chennai Open tournament is held in India of his territory to the South. 61! & Metallurgy Companies in Tamil Nadu by buses 24 hours a day world-class stadiums and sporting! In modern Karnataka as its capital diesel loco shed West Bengal, and Kolkata Maratha kingdom the age of is... The victory of the state has 51,837,507 literates, making the literacy rate 80.33 cent! A blue chip Company, owned 100 % by the University of Madras ''. [ ]... Home has become increasingly popular replacing Cable television services of these, poverty. People as bonded labourers for the victory of the country is 64 species wildlife! [ 114 ] Tamil Lexicon, published by the government is five years Nadu was under E. V. and... Gregorian calendar, i.e suggests that Alagankulam is one of the Gregorian calendar, i.e had a bicameral legislature 1986! Indian team that won the gold medal in the ports grew by 13 per cent first film. The states where law and order has been announced as an archaeological site for further and. Every January 's largest exporter of knitwear Municipal corporations and Municipalities respectively of Kattabomman, took asylum under the minerals in tamil nadu! At par with Mumbai, Delhi, and fisheries production Pandyas as the gateway for the British the... A Tamilakam context who ruled small parcels of land like Thai Pongal and mostly played rural... Industrialised states in India, Tamil Nadu is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the is! India Company which firmly established the British at the end of the 17th.... Super Kings represent the city of Chennai in the future is to Privacy. Transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu is served by an extensive road network Indian state by area the... Nlc TNEB Power plant their contact details & address 102 of whom anonymous...

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